Mahogany actually refers to several different species, indigenous to areas from the West Indies to South America, and also parts of Asia. Color ranges from red to reddish brown, sometimes with a gray tint. Close, fine, parallel grain patterns are characteristic.
Sapele/ Sipo/ Utile
Sometimes referred to as Sapele-Mahogany and Sipo-Mahogany, these African woods have a similar color profile to other mahogany, but can have a more varied grain pattern.
Whereas Hard Maple refers to one specific subspecies knows for its usage in basketball court and bowling alley flooring, Soft Maple is a more broad term used to describe several different subspecies. Colors range from a creamy white, to golden, to reddish brown. Grain patterns range from curly to quilted to striped.
Poplar is generally light in color, with a cream or yellowish brown hue, however sometimes gray or green streaks may be present. Poplar can also be mineral-stained in nature, to include a variety of colors from purples to reds to greens, sometimes being referred to as “Rainbow Poplar” when several colors are present at once. Grain is typically uniform and straight.
There are many different subspecies of walnut, as it grows in many different locations around the world. For this reason, walnut can vary greatly in color and grain. The color spectrum ranges from black to white, including browns, grays, yellows, and reds. Grain can vary from species to species.
Pine is generally a light to medium-light wood in color; however the grain is usually a high contrast and can be straight to wav, often containing many knots.